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Los Guajeros de Guatemala IR present tense cover 985402 1

-IR verbs present indicative Grammar in Context

Guided notes and contextualized texts and activities for Spanish classes with a focus on Los guajeros de Guatemala 

Novice (Levels 1-2), Beginner (Level 1)
8 Pages
2 hours

Use these notes to teach a focused grammar lesson on -IR verbs without departing from culture or comprehensible input. Your students will learn about the guajeros of Guatemala--children that live and/or work in garbage dumps to provide for themselves and their families.

They include

  • Guided notes
  • A reading about guajeros
  • a verb translation/conjugation activity based on the reading
  • a video with viewing activity
  • discussion questions
  • a re-write activity
  • step-by-step instructions for the teacher


Grammar in Context lessons from The Comprehensible Classroom are designed to create opportunities for students to notice grammar patterns as they are used in context. Every Grammar in Context lesson includes brief guided notes in English about the grammar pattern, followed by at least one Spanish-language reading that includes many instances of the pattern at hand plus activities that draw students' attention to the role it plays in creating meaning.

Grammar in Context lessons are not designed to be grammar practice for students, nor are they expected to result in the mastery of a grammar concept. Grammar in Context is a more acquisition-focused approach to grammar instruction; noticing the ways in which unique linguistic features impact the overall meaning of an utterance.


  • This is a great way to combine culture with verb practice! The students enjoy it so much more than the traditional verb drills I used to have! Gracias. 

    Stacey K.
  • I love when grammar notes incorporate culture. Interesting read and video that also teaches -ir verbs. My students enjoyed this resource

    Hannah Striet
  • I love when grammar notes incorporate culture. Interesting read and video that also teaches -ir verbs. I wonder if there's an update as the video is now pretty old - my students were concerned about the children there.

    Meaghan H.
  • This is a great resource for students to learn verbs in context. It also creates a connection to another country and leads to more in depth discussion and investigation of other countries. 

    Elizabeth B.
  • A MUST READ in my Spanish classes!! This lesson is too important to ignore!! Every year I look forward to sharing this reading with my students so that they might learn how other children around the world live. The "IR" reading is perfect and really helps the students get comfortable with the verbs. I always start with the video Martina has attached for this lesson, but I also add 4-6 more of my favorites from YouTube that teach even more the severity of this problem in Guatemala. Thank You Martina for creating valuable lessons such as this one!

    Karen W.

-IR verbs present indicative Grammar in Context


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